Sports Medicine Terminology

Home/Patient Resources/Sports Medicine Terminology

Shoulder Labral Tears

Shoulder labral tears: The shoulder labrum is a cuff of cartilage that circles the shallow cavity of the glenoid to deepen this cavity. The head of the humerus fits within this socket, making up the [...]

Failed Instability Surgery

Failed instability surgery:  Unsuccessful attempt to surgically correct the instability of the shoulder joint. Return to Sports Medicine Terminology

Shoulder Dislocation

Shoulder dislocation: A complete displacement of the head of the humerus from the shoulder blade cavity; often requires a medical professional to reduce or put the shoulder back in place. Return to Sports Medicine Terminology

Multi-Directional Instability of the Shoulder

Multi-directional instability of the shoulder: In case of shoulder instability the head of the humerus tends to move in and out of the joint. The direction of the movements depends on the type of instability. [...]

Glenohumeral Instability

Glenohumeral instability: A 'loose' shoulder joint in which the 'ball' (humerus) slips in and out of the 'socket' (glenoid). Return to Sports  Medicine Terminology

Shoulder Instability

Shoulder Instability: The shoulder is a 'ball and socket' type joint made up by the head of the upper arm bone ('humerus) and the shoulder blade cavity ('glenoid). In an unstable or 'loose' shoulder, the [...]

Failed Rotator Cuff Repair

Failed rotator cuff repair: Unsuccessful attempt to surgically repair a tear in one or several of the rotator cuff muscles. Return to Sports Medicine Terminology

Supraspinatus Tendon Tear

Supraspinatus tendon tear: A tear in the tendon of the supraspinatus muscle. Return to Sports Medicine Terminology

Full Thickness Rotator Cuff Tear

Full thickness rotator cuff tear: A tear resulting in complete separation of the tendon from its attachment site on the upper arm bone. Return to Sports Medicine Terminology

Partial Thickness Rotator Cuff Tear

Partial thickness rotator cuff tear: The attachment of the tendon to the upper arm bone is injured but still partially intact. Return to Sports Medicine Terminology