Shoulder osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease of the shoulder, is a gradual, progressive, mechanical and biochemical break-down of the articular cartilage and other joint tissues, including bone and joint capsule. As the articular surface wears, friction within the joint increases, causing progressive loss of the normal load-bearing surfaces with pain and disability. there are many risk factors for shoulder osteoarthritis, including age, genetics, sex, weight, joint infection, history of shoulder dislocation, and previous injury. Certain occupations, such as heavy construction or overhead sports, are also risk factors. the prevalence of shoulder osteoarthritis is increasing as the population ages. Primary care physicians will be confronted with this disease at various levels of severity. this review highlights epidemiology, evaluation, current treatment options, and treatment results for osteoarthritis of the shoulder.
Full Article: Shoulder Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and Management