Dislocated shoulder and shoulder instability is a very common and painful condition and results in limited motion and use of the arm because of the anxiety and worry that the dislocations can cause. Certain individuals are at very high risk of re-dislocating, and recurrent shoulder dislocations can cause significant disability. Furthermore, when a shoulder re-dislocates, there can be additional damage to the ligaments and the joint surfaces which may increase the risk of arthritis later in life. New arthroscopic, surgical techniques can be used to repair and stabilize shoulders after they dislocate. In some high risk individuals, arthroscopic stabilization surgery may be the best option, even after only a single dislocation. Arthroscopic repair minimizes pain, allows the surgery to be performed on an outpatient basis, and decreases the overall risk of complications.
If the injury is a more severe case and if minimally-invasive arthroscopic surgery will not repair the condition, then arthroscopic stabilization surgery will most likely need to be performed. Arthroscopic stabilization surgery (surgical shoulder stabilization) can be performed through an arthroscopic procedure involving the reattachment of loose or torn ligaments to the joint with the use of special implants called suture anchors. These anchors are used to relocate, hold in place and tighten injured joints. Once they are in place and the patient has begun a rehabilitation process, the sutures will eventually disintegrate.
For some patients, depending on their own individual shoulder instability, shoulder stabilization surgery can also help to repair shoulder tears of the biceps muscle tendon, bicep tendon injuries, rotator cuff injuries (tear), or help to tighten the shoulder capsule.
Shoulder arthroscopic stabilization surgery typically takes 1-2 hours. You will wake up in the Steadman Clinic’s recovery room so that we can observe you for about an hour.