Joint Preservation Surgery for Knee Osteoarthritis
Like in the shoulder joint, younger patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis may benefit from surgery that prolongs the need for full knee joint replacement. This type of surgery is suitable for people whose osteoarthritis is primarily due to severe abnormalities in knee alignment. Abnormal alignment puts uneven force on the joint and can cause imbalances in kinematics that lead to early cartilage damage. Knee joint preservation surgery aims at getting the knee joint ‘back in line’ to prevent further wear and tear.
This procedure is performed arthroscopically and all the pain generators in the knee are removed. Other forms of joint preservation surgery include microfracture (tiny holes are made in the cartilage and bone to increase healing), osteochondral transfer (bone and cartilage transferred), or the use of a graft.
After joint preservation surgery, physical therapy is crucial for a successful recovery. This will increase range of motion and strength after surgery. Specific rehabilitation will vary according to each patient’s needs, but it’s important to adhere to the protocol designed for you by Dr. Millett and your physical therapist in order to achieve the best results.
To learn more about knee osteoarthritis, or to determine if you are a candidate for joint preservation surgery, please contact the orthopedic office of Dr. Peter Millett.