Multidirectional shoulder instability is deﬁned as symptomatic instability in two or more directions. Instability occurs when static and dynamic shoulder stabilizers become incompetent due to congenital or acquired means. Nonspeciﬁc activity-related pain and decreased athletic performance are common complaints. This article study discusses “Management of Multidirectional Instability of the Shoulder”. Clinical suspicion for instability is essential for timely diagnosis. Several examination techniques can be used to identify increased glenohumeral translation and are offered in this article. It is critical to distinguish increased laxity from instability. Initial management begins with therapeutic rehabilitation.
If surgical management is required, advanced arthroscopic techniques offer several advantages over traditional open approaches and may have similar outcomes. The role of rotator interval capsular plication is controversial, but it may be used to augment capsular plication in patients with speciﬁc patterns of instability. Despite encouraging results, outcomes remain inferior to those associated with traumatic unidirectional instability.
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