The glenohumeral articulation is a versatile joint that requires a complex integration of bony ligamentous, musculotendinous and neurovascular sutures for proper function. Injuries resulting from dysfunction are common and potentially debilitating. Many of these injuries can be managed non-surgically; however, if surgical treatment is indicated, a thorough knowledge of the anatomy of the shoulder girdle is critical. It is important for the surgeon to be aware of commonly used arthroscopic and surgical approaches to the glenohumeral joint along with anatomic structures at risk with each surgical approach and methods of avoiding injury.
Full Article: Surgical Anatomy of the Shoulder