Peter J. Millett, MD, MSc, Mustafa S. Rashid, MBChB, MSc, Ph.D., Justin W. Arner, MD, Hiroyuki Sugaya, MD, and Roger Emery, MBBS, MS, FRCS (Ed)


Arthur Sidney Blundell Bankart was a London-based orthopedic surgeon who discovered the essential lesion in recurrent anterior shoulder instability in 1923. He pioneered a technique, the Bankart repair, to re-establish stability to the glenohumeral joint, without sacrificing native joint motion. In this article, the original Bankart repair is compared to the modern arthroscopic Bankart repair, accompanied by a surgical video of Blundell Bankart performing the Bankart repair in 1951, shortly before his death. Bankart’s original description included an open repair with a coracoid osteotomy and subscapularis tenotomy and repair. The history of the technique, its utility in present-day, and the future of the Bankart repair are discussed.

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