Sports Medicine Terminology

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Snapping Scapula

Snapping scapula: The movement of the shoulder blade along the rib cage is called the scapulothoracic joint. In case the movement causes snapping feelings or grinding sounds from the shoulder blade it's called a snapping [...]

Washboard Scapula

Washboard scapula: Similar to snapping scapula. The washboard refers to the repetitive sounds and feeling brought about by the movement of the shoulder blade along the rib cage. Return to Sports Medicine Terminology

Scapulothoracic Bursitis

Scapulothoracic bursitis: A bursa is a small sack of fluid which rest at points in the body where muscles and tendons slide across bone. A bursitis is an inflammation of a bursa. The scapulothoracic bursitis [...]

Shoulder Injuries in Throwers

Shoulder injuries in throwers: Athletes participating in overhead sports are more likely to suffer certain shoulder injuries due to the repetitive shoulder motions they make and the powers they unleash on the shoulder joint. Common [...]

GIRD (Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficit)

GIRD (glenohumeral internal rotation deficit): Repetitive motions may alter the characteristics of the shoulder joint, also known as 'remodeling'. The head of the upper arm bone (humerus) rotates in the cavity of the shoulder blade [...]

Suprascapular Nerve Injury

Suprascapular nerve injury: Muscles are innervated (receive a motion stimulant) by nerves. The suprascapular nerve is an important shoulder nerve as it innervates muscles of the rotator cuff, the supraspinatus muscle and infraspinatus muscle. Damage [...]

Clavicle Fracture

Clavicle fracture: A fracture of the collar bone or clavicle which connects the shoulder blade to the upper body. Return to Sports Medicine Terminology

Shoulder Separation

Shoulder separation:  A complete separation of the joint between the collar bone and the shoulder blade, also known as the AcromioClavicular joint. Return to Sports Medicine Terminology

AcromioClavicular (AC) Dislocation

AcromioClavicular (AC) dislocation: Dislocation or displacement of the joint between the collar bone, or clavicle, and the acromion, an anatomical feature of the shoulder blade. Return to Sports Medicine Terminology


Glenohumeral osteoarthritis:   Degeneration or wear of the surface of the shoulder joint, made up by the surface of the head of the humerus and the surface of the glenoid. Return to Sports Medicine Terminology